Are you not sure how much food you should feed your dog? How to know if you give your pup too much or too little food? The answer to those questions depends on several factors, such as your dog’s size, metabolism, speed, and type of food. We will analyze all the important points in this article.
Dry Dog Food
To learn how much food you can give your pup, first of all, we recommend following the guidelines you can find on the food label. They are usually located on the bag’s or can’s side. This is the first thing to check that will help you get a general idea of how much food you should give your dog.
It is important to mention that there are different types of dog food. For example, standard, premium, and super-premium meals are prepared with different quality ingredients, influencing digestion’s speed.
Dry food: digestion speed: from 8 to 16 hours
Wet or pasty food: digestion speed: 4 to 6 hours
According to the research work “Determination of pre-anesthetic fasting time in dogs” by Jorge Luiz Costa Castro, Sérgio Santaalucia, Vinicius Gonzalez, and Alceu Gaspar, published in the Scientific Journal of Veterinary Medicine – Pequenos Animais de Estimação – 2016, dry food continues to be present in the stomach of dogs until the next 8 hours after ingesting the food, unlike wet food, which is no longer present in the following 4 to 8 hours.
That same research explains that the speed of digestion depends on the consistency of the food. The digestion of lipids is slow, proteins are fast and carbohydrates are intermediate. Water also interferes with the speed of digestion. Dry foods take an average of 8 hours, or even 14 and 16 hours to complete their digestion. However, wet food takes an average of 4 hours, reaching up to 6 hours.
Teshima et al. (2007) revealed digestibility coefficients of 70.59% dry matter, 71.49% organic matter, 72.44% crude protein, and 69.04% crude energy, using the yeast extract of the specific strain. Another study shows that high-quality dry foods can have 89%, 95%, and 88% digestibility for protein, crude fat, and carbohydrates, respectively (Case et. Al. 1998).
Another tip that can help you estimate your pup’s daily nutrition dose is to know that dogs should consume 4-5% of their weight daily. If the weight is less than 10 kg, but more than 35 kg, this number increases for small dogs and decreases for larger dogs due to their metabolism speed. Make sure to get approval from a trusted vet before creating a natural diet for your dog.
Natural cooked (boiled) food, as it is high quality and easily digested food, has a speed of digestion and digestibility similar and/or equal to that of humans, specifically, in the ingestion rich in carbohydrates, where the postprandial glycemic response complete between 4 and 6 hours (Bouchard, Sunvold, 2000; Appleton et al., 2004). In other words, most likely, when you are hungry, your dog will be hungry too.
Generalizing, the speed of digestion is 4 hours, due to being a wet food. Therefore, depending on your dog’s needs, it would be ideal to divide the food into 3 or 4 portions, according to the recommendations of your veterinarian specialized in canine natural nutrition.
The digestibility of natural food, raw or cooked (boiled), shows very high digestibility coefficients. In certain natural foods that have lower digestibility, cooking improves digestibility (Tavares et al. 2010). Another study shows us that some super-premium dry foods achieve nutrient digestibility and fecal quality similar to that of natural foods (Conventional versus natural foods for adults – Universidade Federal de Lavras – Janine França 2009).
How to Know Whether You Give Your Dog Too Much or Too Little Food?
By observing your dog’s shape and touching them, you will know if your dog is eating too much or not enough. Generally, dogs have a body shape with a slightly narrower waist (seen from above). The last ribs must be visible (dogs with little hair), or you should be able to touch and feel them (dogs with medium or a lot of hair).
Coprophagia (ingestion of feces) can have multiple causes, such as, for example, poor absorption of nutrients, which results in a nutritional deficit. Consult a veterinarian to find out why and consider changing the type of food that is being offered to the animal or even fractionating the food so they can eat more times during the day, due to the speed of digestion and differences in the digestibility of different foods.
As a responsible pet parent, you want to be 100% positive that you do everything to keep your pup in the best physical (and mental) shape. If you see your dog’s behavior has changed – e.g., your pup sleeps more than usual, they don’t want to play, are not interested in their food, or on the contrary – after finishing their meal, they still search for food in the house, beg for your snacksor steal pieces of food from a dining table, it is a clear signal that something wrong is happening and you shouldn’t ignore it. In any of those cases, don’t hesitate to consult a veterinarian who will investigate the cause of your dog’s behavior and give you a hand in creating the right diet for your furry baby.