The [[breed]]:

A Small Breed with a Big Personality

The Brussels Griffon, with its human-like expressions and charming demeanor, is a delightful companion. This toy breed is known for its intelligence, affectionate nature, and adaptability to various living situations. Brussels Griffons form strong bonds with their owners and are known for their playful and inquisitive nature. They require regular grooming to maintain their distinctive coat and are suitable for apartment living.

Quick facts


Small - Under 20lbs

Energy Level

Moderate - Require 30-60 mins exercise per day, moderately active


Long - Over 12 years


Watchdog Ability

Good - May bark to alert owners

Training Difficulty

Moderate - May be stubborn or distracted at times, needs motivation

Overall Health

Intermediate - Somewhat prone to certain issues


Cautious - May take time to warm up, but usually fine after introduction


High - Very tolerant, gentle, and playful

Climate Tolerance

Moderate - Comfortable in most climates

Apartment Friendly

Yes - Can thrive in apartments

Coat Length

Medium - Fur length between 1-3 inches

Grooming Needs

Moderate - Needs brushing several times per week

Grooming Cost

Moderate - May require occasional professional grooming, moderate expense

Shedding Level

Light - Sheds minimally

Exercise and Activity

Brussels Griffons enjoy daily walks, play sessions, and mental challenges like puzzle toys. They excel in agility and obedience training due to their intelligence and eagerness to please. Socialization is key to prevent timidity, and they enjoy being part of family activities.

Agility and Obedience Training

Engaging your [[breed]] in agility and obedience training can be a fantastic way to channel their energy constructively. These activities promote discipline, physical fitness, and mental sharpness. Ensure that training is age-appropriate and doesn't strain their backs.

Interactive Toys

Toys that stimulate their minds are invaluable. Puzzle toys, treat-dispensing toys, and interactive games can keep their brains engaged and provide mental exercise even when outdoor activities are limited.

Moderate Walks

Daily walks on a leash are an excellent way to provide [[breed]] with exercise and mental stimulation. Aim for a moderate pace to help them burn off energy and engage their senses as they explore their surroundings. Remember that short legs may mean shorter strides, so be patient and accommodating during walks.

Yard Playtime

[[breed]] love to play; your yard can be their playground. Interactive games like fetch or hide-and-seek can provide both physical and mental exercise. However, ensure the yard is securely fenced to prevent them from wandering off, as their hunting instincts may lead them to chase small animals.

Want to train your dog independently?

Dogo logo

Dogo offers comprehensive and personalized dog training programs, designed by certified trainers, to address specific behavior issues or teach new skills to dogs of all ages and breeds.

Get Dogo App
Start Training

The Brussels Griffon, a small and distinctive dog breed, has captured the hearts of many dog enthusiasts with its unique characteristics and charming personality. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the various aspects that define this breed, exploring its physical traits, temperament, history, grooming needs, training requirements, and popular names. From its humble origins in Belgium to its current status as a beloved companion, the Brussels Griffon's journey is both fascinating and endearing.


Country of Origin

The Brussels Griffon originated in Belgium, specifically in the city of Brussels, from which it derives its name. The breed's roots can be traced back to the 19th century, where it was developed to be a companion animal for Brussels' elite.

Genealogical Tree

The genealogical tree of the Brussels Griffon reveals its connection to several breeds, including the Affenpinscher, Pug, and English Toy Spaniel. This amalgamation of different breeds contributed to the creation of the distinct Brussels Griffon we know today.

Purpose of Breeding

Originally, the Brussels Griffon served as a rat catcher in stables, earning its keep by eliminating vermin. However, its charming and affectionate nature led to its adoption as a cherished companion by Brussels' upper class. Over time, its role shifted from a utilitarian purpose to that of a devoted lapdog.


Classified as a toy breed, the Brussels Griffon stands out among other toy breeds due to its unique appearance and lively personality. Despite its small size, it exudes confidence and character, setting it apart in the toy group.



Brussels Griffons are generally intelligent dogs, but their independent nature can make training a bit challenging. Consistency, positive reinforcement, and patience are key elements in successfully training a Brussels Griffon.

Type of Training

Basic obedience training is crucial for instilling good behavior and ensuring a well-behaved companion. Commands such as sit, stay, and come are essential for a Brussels Griffon's safety and integration into the household.

Specialized Training Needs. Brussels Griffons may benefit from specialized training based on individual needs. This could include agility training, socialization exercises, or even tricks to keep them mentally stimulated.


Response to Different Training Methods. Brussels Griffons respond well to positive reinforcement methods, such as treats and praise. Harsh training techniques or punishment can be counterproductive, as these dogs thrive on a positive and loving approach.

Behavioral Adjustments. While they may exhibit a stubborn streak, Brussels Griffons can adapt to behavioral adjustments with consistent training. Early socialization and exposure to various environments contribute to their adaptability.


Importance of Socialization. Socialization is crucial for Brussels Griffons to ensure they grow into well-adjusted adults. Exposure to different people, environments, and other animals from a young age helps prevent shyness or aggression.

Socialization Process for Brussels Griffons. Introducing the Brussels Griffon to a variety of situations, people, and other animals is essential during the socialization process. Puppy classes, visits to different locations, and supervised play with other dogs contribute to a well-socialized adult dog.

Security Level

Alertness and Protective Instincts. Despite their small size, Brussels Griffons possess a keen sense of alertness and may act as effective watchdogs. They tend to be vigilant and will bark to alert their owners of any potential threats.

Suitability as a Guard Dog. While Brussels Griffons may not be guard dogs in the traditional sense, their alert nature makes them effective in alerting their owners to potential dangers. Early training can help channel their instincts appropriately.

Barking Level

Tendency to Bark. Brussels Griffons have a tendency to bark, particularly when they sense something amiss or when excited. Managing this behavior through training and providing appropriate outlets for their energy can help control excessive barking.

Managing Excessive Barking Behavior. Training exercises that focus on commands like "quiet" or "enough" can be effective in managing excessive barking. Providing mental stimulation and regular exercise can also contribute to a quieter, more contented Brussels Griffon.

Mental Stimulation

Intellectual Stimulation Requirements. Brussels Griffons are intelligent dogs that benefit from mental stimulation. Interactive toys, puzzle games, and training sessions keep their minds engaged and prevent boredom-related behavior issues.

Enrichment Activities. Engaging in activities that challenge their problem-solving skills, such as hide-and-seek games or treat-dispensing toys, provides valuable mental enrichment for Brussels Griffons.

Chance of Being a Guard Dog

While not traditionally considered guard dogs, Brussels Griffons possess a natural alertness that makes them effective in alerting their owners to potential threats. Their small size may not deter intruders, but their vocal nature can serve as a deterrent.



Known for its diminutive stature, the Brussels Griffon is a small breed that typically stands around 7 to 10 inches at the shoulder. Despite its size, it possesses a sturdy and well-proportioned build, contributing to its charming appearance.


The average weight of a Brussels Griffon ranges between 8 to 10 pounds, making it a lightweight dog breed. This moderate weight complements its small size, creating a compact and portable companion.


On average, Brussels Griffons have a lifespan of 12 to 15 years. The longevity of individual dogs may be influenced by factors such as genetics, diet, and overall healthcare.


The Brussels Griffon's coat is a distinctive feature, often described as wiry or rough. The texture varies, with some dogs exhibiting a smoother coat. The breed comes in various colors, including red, black, black and tan, and belge (a mixture of black and reddish-brown).

Shedding Level

One of the appealing aspects of the Brussels Griffon is its low shedding level. While regular grooming is necessary to maintain the coat's health, the minimal shedding makes this breed suitable for individuals with allergies or those who prefer a cleaner living environment.

Recognition by Kennel Clubs

The Brussels Griffon has gained recognition from major kennel clubs, including the American Kennel Club (AKC) and the United Kennel Club (UKC). These organizations establish breed standards, ensuring consistency in appearance and temperament.


Despite its small size, the Brussels Griffon has gained popularity among dog lovers. Its distinctive appearance, coupled with an affectionate nature, has made it a sought-after companion. The breed's popularity is evident in various rankings, reflecting its appeal in the canine world.

Energy Level

Brussels Griffons possess a moderate energy level, making them adaptable to different living environments. While they enjoy playtime and outdoor activities, they are equally content with indoor play and relaxation.

Suitable Activities

Engaging in suitable activities is crucial to keep the Brussels Griffon mentally stimulated and physically active. Interactive toys, short walks, and play sessions are ideal for meeting their activity needs. Despite their small size, they appreciate a variety of activities that challenge their intelligence.


Interaction with Kids. Brussels Griffons are known for their affectionate nature and often get along well with children. However, due to their small size, it is essential to supervise interactions to prevent accidental rough handling. Early socialization with children contributes to a positive relationship between the dog and kids.

Behavior Towards Strangers. These dogs may exhibit reserved behavior towards strangers initially but tend to warm up quickly once they feel comfortable. Early socialization is essential to ensure they develop positive interactions with unfamiliar people.

Compatibility with Other Pets. Brussels Griffons can coexist harmoniously with other pets, including cats and dogs. Proper introductions and socialization play a crucial role in fostering positive relationships among different animals in the household.


Known for their big personalities, Brussels Griffons are confident, alert, and often display a sense of self-importance. They form strong bonds with their owners and thrive on companionship, making them excellent lap dogs. Their expressive faces and animated demeanor contribute to their endearing temperament.


Despite their small size, Brussels Griffons are playful and enjoy interactive games. Their lively nature makes them entertaining companions, and they often exhibit a sense of humor that endears them to their owners.

Drooling Level

One of the advantages of owning a Brussels Griffon is its minimal drooling. Unlike some other breeds, these dogs are not prone to excessive salivation, contributing to a cleaner and more comfortable living environment.

Grooming Needs and Costs

Brushing Frequency

The Brussels Griffon's coat requires regular brushing to prevent matting and tangles. Brushing two to three times a week is typically sufficient to maintain a healthy coat and remove loose hairs.

Bathing Needs

Bathing should be done as needed, typically every three to six weeks. Over-bathing can strip the coat of its natural oils, so it's essential to strike a balance between cleanliness and preserving the coat's health.

Grooming Costs

Professional Grooming Expenses. While some Brussels Griffon owners choose to groom their dogs at home, others opt for professional grooming services. Professional grooming costs may vary depending on the groomer's location, the dog's size, and the specific services required.

At-Home Grooming Supplies. Basic grooming supplies for the Brussels Griffon include a slicker brush, comb, nail clippers, and dog-safe shampoo. Investing in quality grooming tools can contribute to a positive grooming experience for both the owner and the dog.

Most Popular Names

Common Names for Brussels Griffons

1. Max

2. Bella

3. Charlie

4. Lucy

5. Oliver

6. Daisy

7. Winston

8. Zoey

9. Rocky

10. Chloe

Trends in Naming this Breed

Naming trends for Brussels Griffons often include a mix of classic, human-inspired names and whimsical, playful choices. Some owners choose names that highlight the dog's unique appearance or endearing personality.


The Brussels Griffon is a captivating breed with a rich history and a charming personality. From its origins in Belgium to its current status as a beloved companion, this small dog has made a significant impact on the lives of those fortunate enough to share their homes with it. Understanding the Brussels Griffon's characteristics, history, grooming needs, training requirements, and popular names is essential for prospective owners looking to welcome this delightful breed into their families. Whether curled up on a lap or engaging in playful antics, the Brussels Griffon continues to enchant dog lovers around the world with its distinctive charm and lovable nature.





Best dog training app